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Title: In vitro antiproliferative activity of saffron extracts against human acute lymphoblastic T-cell human leukemia
Authors: Makhlouf, Hassane
Diab-Assaf, Mona
Alghabsha, Mouhamad
Tannoury, Mona
Chahine, Ramez
Saab, Antoine M
Keywords: Lebanese saffron;Antiproliferative activity;Acute lymphoblastic leukemia;Lebanon
Issue Date: Jan-2016
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. Cl.8: A61K 36/00, A01D 4/04
Abstract: Cancer is still considered as one of the most life threatening cause responsible for a huge number of annual deaths around the world. Particularly, leukemia is difficult to be cured. In this context, free radicals are one of the factors that cause or predispose to cancer. Hence, they should be controlled in the body by prophylactic or curative treatments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiproliferative effect against human acute lymphoblastic T-cell leukemia (Jurkat cell line) of the Lebanese saffron (Crocus sativus L.; Family Iridacea), and to detect which components of saffron are responsible for the growth inhibitor. Lebanese saffron decreased cell growth of Jurkat cells in a dose dependent manner. A mixture of crocin and safranal also decreased the number of Jurkat cells and the IC50 value of this mixture was lower than that of the whole saffron extract.
Page(s): 16-21
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.15(1) [January 2016]

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