Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nopr.niscpr.res.in/handle/123456789/31526
Title: Physiological responses of Catla catla larvae fed with Achyranthes aspera seed enriched diet and exposed to UV-B radiation
Authors: Sharma, Jai Gopal
Singh, Moirangthem Kameshwor
Chakrabarti, Rina
Keywords: Achyranthes aspera;Catla catla;Survival;Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances;UV-B radiation
Issue Date: Apr-2015
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The antioxidant and growth stimulating properties of seeds of Achyranthes aspera were evaluated on UV-B irradiated Catla catla (catla) larvae. Catla larvae (initial weight: 1.2 ± 0.01 mg) were fed with four different diets — D1, D2 and D3 containing 0.1, 0.25 and 0.5% seeds of A. aspera and D4, control diet for 35 days. The larvae were then exposed to UV-B radiation (80 µW/cm2) on every alternate day for 20 days. Survival, growth, tissue glutamic oxaloacetic transminase (GOT), tissue glutamate pyruvate transminase (GPT), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) were studied in larvae on day-21 of irradiation. Significantly (P < 0.05) higher survival and average weight were found in D3 diet fed fish compared to the other groups. Survival rate was 8-16% higher in seed enriched diet fed groups, compared to the control one. Higher levels of GOT and GPT found in control diet fed larvae showed the degree of tissue damage due to UV-B exposure. Significantly (P < 0.05) lower level of GPT in D3 indicated the UV-B protective effect of the seed of A. Aspera (earlier, the presence of ecdysterone, essential fatty acids and amino acids, polyphenolic compounds, steroids, etc. has been reported from seed). TBARS which indicated the level of tissue lipid peroxidation were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in control group, compared to the other feeding schemes. NOS level was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in D2 and D3, compared to the D1 and control groups. In conclusion, supplementation of A. aspera seed (0.5%) improved the physiological condition (in terms of reduce lipid oxidation and better immune system) and gave bioprotection to catla larvae challenged with UV-B stress.
Page(s): 155-160
ISSN: 0975-0959 (Online); 0301-1208 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBB Vol.52(2) [April 2015]

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