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Title: Studies on pulp and paper - making characteristics of some indian non-woody fibrous raw materials: Part 1
Authors: Dutt, Dharm
Upadhyaya, J S
Malik, R S
Tyagi, C H
Keywords: Paper production;Pulp production;Raw materials;Non-woody fibrous plants;Ipomea cornea;Cannabis sativa;Sesbania aculeate
Issue Date: Jan-2004
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Indian pulp and paper industries are facing many problems in which availability of better quality of wood fibres is one of them. Hence the Indian pulp and paper industry could not match their final product vis-a-vis to the finished products in globally competitive market. Attempts are made to investigate the unique chemical and morphological characteristics of some potentially available non-woody fibrous plants that lie in close vicinity of softwood and bamboo in some properties that can be used to develop certain specific quality papers. In this paper industrial potential application of Ipomea carnea, Cannabis Jarivel and Sesbania aculeata, are discussed, in order to augment their utilization for manufacturing of high-quality cultural papers. Out of three, two non-woody plants are native of South America and Australia and are available in plenty in all the states of the India by adapting Indian climatic conditions. Ipomea carnea that is native to South America resembles with Pinus kesia and Picca abies in lumen and fibre diameter. Although the fibres are short, yet it gives stronger paper due to high collapsing index. Cannabis sativa, which is popularly known as 'true hemp', its long bast fiber strands or ribbons are extensively used for manufacturing of quality papers. Sesbania aculeata produces high quality bast fibers resembles with jute.
Page(s): 48-57
ISSN: 0975-1084 (Online); 0022-4456 (Print)
Appears in Collections:JSIR Vol.63(01) [January 2004]

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