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Title: Impact of watershed development programme on traditional tank system in semi arid region of South India: A Case Study
Authors: Singh, A K
Rao, M S Rama Mohan
Adhikari, R N
Issue Date: Dec-2014
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Agriculture is the main occupation in India and 75% population of India lives in villages. In recent years, watershed development programme promoting in situ rain water harvesting and ground water based irrigation have been extremely successful with increase in production in many arid and semi-arid areas. However, this success has not come without a cost. Findings show that drainage line treatment through water harvesting structures and increased ground water extraction have drastically reduced average inflows in to the traditional tanks. The present case study shows that drastic reduction in inflow into Anubur tank of Bellary district in North-East of Karnataka. As the tank is now dry for longer periods, the utility of the tank has declined for activities such as washing, bathing, watering livestock etc. On the positive side, this changed pattern has resulted in providing better access to irrigation to the farmers in the tank catchment and command. Interestingly, this has not been at the expense of irrigation in the tank command area as the total area irrigated in the command has not changed even through the source of water is now ground water and not tank release. The feasibility of re-establishing tank inflows to original levels and increase ground water without impacting severely on the livelihoods of the new irrigators in the tank catchment and command have also been discussed in this paper.
Page(s): 130-135
ISSN: 0975-2412 (Online); 0771-7706 (Print)
Appears in Collections:BVAAP Vol.22(2) [December 2014]

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