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Title: Management of water resources: A Case study of Waghad Irrigation Project
Authors: Kulkarni, G R
Chaudhary, I S
Velkare, S M
Kavle, B T
Issue Date: Dec-2014
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: From the beginning, there was a tradition of participatory irrigation management in India. Farmers maintain and operate water resources under partnership. In Mughal's period irrigation systems were planned and handed over to the farmers for management. Farmers co-operated in maintaining these schemes. Before independence, because of some authoritarian policies farmers co-operation declined from water distribution sector. As the co-operation of farmers had gone down, participatory irrigation declined. These policies continued after independence also. Consequently, despite having so many dams in the country, there was a reduction in irrigated area. Farmer's thinking was that the water accumulated in the dam area is rain water and it should be free to everyone. Only few people got the benefits of dam water instead of the entire region. Due to improper management and distribution of water only few people could get the benefits of irrigation water. There was no irrigation water available for the tail farmers and consequently government could not get proper revenue. Because of no revenue, government could not properly maintain the water distribution system. Therefore, national agriculture production decreased along with decreasing the economic and social level of farmers. On the other hand due to fragmentation of land, changes in climate, less rainy days, with increasing population more demand of foods, more interest in cash crop, it became essential to take necessary steps to improve the irrigation distribution system. These improvements are not possible without the co-operation of the farmers. Food security is possible only with the proper distribution of water to the farmers by participating irrigation system.
Page(s): 123-129
ISSN: 0975-2412 (Online); 0771-7706 (Print)
Appears in Collections:BVAAP Vol.22(2) [December 2014]

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