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Title: Cardioprotective effect of magnesium chloride in experimental acute myocardial infarction
Authors: Naik, P
Malati, T
Ratnakar, K S
Naidu, M U R
Rajasekhar, A
Issue Date: Feb-1999
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Cardioprotective role of intravenous administration of magnesium chloride was evaluated in rabbits by biochemical and histopathological parameters. Myocardial damage was induced by injecting (iv) isoprenaline 1, 2.5, 5 and 7.5 mg/kg body weight of animal. There was a dose dependent increase in the activity of cardiac enzyme creatinine kinase CK (C Max). Maximal elevation of CK (C Max) was observed with 2.5 mg isoprenaline. The mean T-max (mean of the time duration in hr at which maximum creatinine kinase activity of individual rabbit was observed in a group) shifted early, significantly with 2.5, 5 and 7.5 mg isoprenaline compared to control group. Histopathologically, myocardial damage was quite significant in 2.5 mg isoprenaline subgroup of animals. A mortality of 29% was observed in animals injected with 5 and 7.5 mg isoprenaline, whereas all animals subjected with 1 and 2.5 mg isoprenaline were alive for 72 hr. Considering the data on serial determination of cardiac enzyme CIS and histopathological changes, 2.5 mg isoprenaline was chosen as standard dose to study efficacy of cardioprotection by gold standard verapamil and magnesium chloride. Verapamil (5μM) injected prior to 2.5 mg isoprenaline administration revealed significant reduction of CK (C Max) activity (P < 0.05) compared to animals infused with isoprenaline alone. T-max value did not show any alteration in both the groups. Histopathological findings showed no areas of necrosis and cellular infiltrates in animals primed with 2.5 mg isoprenaline following verapamil. Highly significant reduction in CK (C-max) activity was observed in animals administered with 40 mg magnesium chloride prior to isoprenaline compared to animals treated with isoprenaline alone (P < 0.001). In addition to this, significant delay in T-max of CK activity was observed in group treated with 40 mg magnesium chloride and isoprenaline compared to group treated with only isoprenaline (P < 0.01). The study clearly highlighted and confirmed the valuable role of magnesium chloride as cardioprotective agent.
Page(s): 131-137
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.37(02) [February 1999]

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