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Title: Antinociceptive activity of methanolic extract of leaves of Achyranthes aspera Linn. (Amaranthaceae) in animal models of nociception
Authors: Barua, Chandana C
Talukdar, Archana
Begum, Shameem A
Lahon, Lalit C
Sarma, Dilip K
Pathak, Debesh C
Borah, Probodh
Keywords: Achyranthes aspera
Hot plate
Tail flick test
Writhing syndrome
Issue Date: Aug-2010
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Antinociceptive activity of methanolic extract of leaves of A. aspera was studied by peripheral/non-narcotic model of nociception like acetic acid induced writhing syndrome test and central/narcotic models like hot plate and tail flick tests. The methanolic extract of the plant, administered orally (@ 300, 600 and 900 mg/kg, body weight) and the standard drug (piroxicam; 10 mg/kg body weight, po) produced significant analgesic activity in acetic acid induced writhing syndrome as compared to the vehicle treated control group. In the hot plate analgesic test, in A. aspera at the above doses and the standard drug treated group (morphine sulphate @ 1.5 mg/kg, ip), the duration of reaction time (sec) increased dose dependently and significantly compared to the control group. In the tail flick test, the plant extract produced dose dependant increase in reaction time which was significantly higher in the test and standard group compared to the control group. The plant possesses significant antinociceptive property as evidenced in all the animal models of nociception. It might possibly exert its effect through diverse mechanism that may involve both central and peripheral pathways. The preliminary phytochemical investigation revealed the presence of steroids, alkaloids and triterpene in the methanolic extract of leaves of A. aspera which may be responsible for its antinociceptive activity.
Page(s): 817-821
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Source:IJEB Vol.48(08) [August 2010]

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