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Title: Estimation of radioactivity in some sand and soil samples
Authors: Gupta, Monika
Chauhan, R P
Garg, Ajay
Kumar, Sushil
Sonkawade, R G
Keywords: Uranium;Thorium;Potassium;Sand;Soil
Issue Date: Jul-2010
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Natural radioactivity is composed of the cosmogenic and primordial radionuclides. It is common in the rocks and soil that make up our planet, in water and oceans, and in our building materials and homes. Natural radioactivity in sand and soils comes from 238U and 232Th series and natural 40K. Radon is formed from the decay of radium which in turn is formed from uranium. The gaseous radioactive isotope of radon from natural sources has a significant share in the total quantum of natural sources exposure to human beings. Gamma radiation from 238U, 232Th and 40K represents the main external source of irradiation of the human body. In the present study, the activity for 238U, 232Th and 40K is found to vary from 45±1.2 to 97± 4.9 Bq/kg, 63 ± 2.0 to 132 ± 3.2 Bq/kg and 492 ± 5.9 to 1110 ± 10.5 Bq/kg, respectively in the soil samples while the variations have been observed from 63 ± 3.8 to 65 ± 3.7 Bq/kg, 86 ± 2.5 to 96 ± 2.6 Bq/kg and 751± 7.7 to 824 ± 8.2 Bq/kg, respectively in the sand samples.
Page(s): 482-485
ISSN: 0975-1041 (Online); 0019-5596 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJPAP Vol.48(07) [July 2010]

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