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IJEMS Vol.17(3) [June 2010] >


Title: Damage prediction in glass/epoxy laminates subjected to impact loading
Authors: Karakuzu, Ramazan
Erbil, Emre
Aktas, Mehmet
Keywords: Damage prediction
Low velocity impact
Glass/epoxy
Thickness effect
Stacking sequence effect
Delamination
Issue Date: Jun-2010
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract:  In this paper, the impact behaviour of glass/epoxy laminated composite plates with [0/±θ/90]S fiber orientation is investigated numerically at equal energy (40 J), equal velocity (2 m/s) and equal impactor mass (5 kg). In order to examine the stacking sequence effect, five different ±θ fiber directions are chosen as 15°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 75°. Three different plate thicknesses as 2.9 mm, 5.8 mm, and 8.7 mm are also selected to survey the thickness effect on impact behaviour of glass/epoxy composite plates. The overlapped delamination area is obtained for composite plates with different stacking sequences and different thicknesses. A transient finite element code 3DIMPACT is used for numerical analyses. In this code an eight-point brick element and the direct Gauss quadrature integration scheme are used through the element thickness to account for the change in material properties from layer to layer. The Newmark scheme is also adopted to perform time integration step by step. In addition, a contact law incorporated with the Newton-Raphson method is applied to calculate the contact force during impact. Numerical results are compared with the experimental study and it has been seen that they are in good agreement with the experimental results.
Page(s): 186-198
ISSN: 0975-1017 (Online); 0971-4588 (Print)
Source:IJEMS Vol.17(3) [June 2010]

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