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Title: Elaeagnus kologa Schlecht. – An under utilized edible and endemic fruit plant in Nilgiris, the western ghats
Authors: Paulsamy, S
Kumar, P Senthil
Kumar, AM Ananda
Kumar, P Sathish
Keywords: Elaeagnus kologa;Thavittu palam;Kolungai fruits;Under utilized species;Edible fruit;Nilgiris;Nutritional contents
Issue Date: Jun-2010
Publisher: CSIR
IPC Code:  Int. cl.8—A61K 36/00, A01G 17/00
Abstract: The wild plant species, Elaeagnus kologa Schlecht. belonging to the family Elaeagnaceae, is endemic and generally distributed in the high altitudes of Nilgiris in the margins of moist deciduous forests with sizable populations. The fruits (drupe) of this species are edible and reported to have high content of proteins, minerals and vitamins comparable to common fruits like oranges, grapes, guava and others. Its fruits are available in the month of March and April and sold in the markets of Nilgiri district. For the past few decades due to the nutritional significance, the fruits are exploited severely by the local public, tribals and other herb gatherers due to which the population of the species is getting decreased. In addition, the lower germination percentage determined is also a factor for the less population of the species in Nilgiris. Hence, to conserve this species appropriate cultivation technology must be developed  and can be practiced in degraded forests.
Page(s): 258-260
Appears in Collections:IJNPR Vol.1(2) [June 2010]

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