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Title: Studies on hydrolysis of methyl parathion with Zr(IV), Hf(IV) and Cu(II) catalysts in acidic aqueous solutions
Authors: Algiwale, Tushar Amar
Shinde, C P
Issue Date: Feb-2007
Publisher: CSIR
Series/Report no.: Int. Cl.⁸ C07B41/00
Abstract: Hydrolysis of O,O-dimethyl O-p-nitrophenyl phosphoro-thionate (Methyl Parathion) has been studied in acidic medium with catalysts such as Zr⁴⁺, Hf⁴⁺ and Cu²⁺ cations. In the case of Zr⁴⁺ and Hf⁴⁺ cations, the rate maxima were observed around pH 2.0. Since the metal bound water molecules (M-OH₂) of octameric metal-complex are known to exist in equilibrium with metal-hydroxide ion (M-OH⁻), OH⁻ nucleophiles are abundantly available from these cations even in acidic aqueous solutions. Therefore, an interaction of sulphur of P=S group with metal ion and an intramolecular nucleophilic attack of metal bound OH⁻ at phosphorus atom results in P-O bond cleavage to liberate p-nitrophenol. The 3.2×10⁴ fold rate enhancement with respect to uncatalyzed hydrolysis at pH 6.0 for Cu²⁺ catalysis, has been attributed to high reactivity of hexa-aquo copper complex (i.e., [Cu(H₂O)₆]²⁺), which is known to predominate at around pH 6.0.
Description: 269-272
ISSN: 0376-4710
Appears in Collections:IJC-A Vol.46A(02) [February 2007]

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