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Title: Medicinal plants used by local Vaidyas in Ukhimath block, Uttarakhand
Authors: Semwal, DP
Saradhi, P Pardha
Kala, CP
Sajwan, BS
Keywords: Ethnomedicine;Ayurveda;Vaidyas;Conservation;Traditional knowledge;Uttarakhand
Issue Date: Jul-2010
Publisher: CSIR
IPC Code: Int. Cl.8: A61K36/00, A61P1/02, A61P1/08, A61P1/10, A61P25/00, A61P29/00
Abstract: Throughout the Indian sub-continent, all earlier medical branches have developed and refined different treatments based on preparations made from available natural resources. Traditional knowledge of local Vaidyas (practitioners of Ayurveda) about medicinal plants and their importance in local healthcare practices is well known since Vedic time. However, mode of applications of the different medicinal plants is lacking from many remote areas of the country. The research work was initiated in the vicinity of Ukhimath (block head) of Uttarakhand state, as it has unique habitat specificity and availability of Vaidyas. Of 60 different plant species collected, 45 herbs, 8 trees, 5 shrubs and 2 climbers were used for curing a total of 34 diseases such as headache, fever and intestinal problems. Rhizome/tuber/roots (41.66%), followed by leaves (31.66%), fruits/seeds (15%), twigs/barks (6.66%), flowers (3.33%) and whole plant (1.66%) were used for curing different ailments. A total of 8 medicinal plants such as Aconitum heterophyllum, Angelica glauca, Berberis osmastonii, Dactylorhiza hatagirea, Nardostachys jatamansi, Picrorhiza kurrooa, Podophyllum hexandrum and Zanthoxylum armatum were rare and endangered species, which had high demand in the market and showed greater potential towards curing of ailments. Thus, there is an urgent need to conserve such medicinal plant species for the benefit of humankind.
Page(s): 480-485
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.09(3) [July 2010]

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