Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Cyanide-induced changes in the levels of neurotransmitters in discrete brain regions of rats and their response to oral treatment with -ketoglutarate|
Satpute, Ravindra M
|Abstract:||Cyanide is a potential suicidal, homicidal and chemical warfare agent. It produces histotoxic hypoxia following inhibition of cytochrome c oxidase, a terminal respiratory chain enzyme. The profound metabolic changes lead to neurotoxicity including alterations in the levels of neurotransmitters. The present study addressed the effect of acute exposure of lethal and sub-lethal doses of potassium cyanide (KCN; 0.75 or 2.0 LD50; po) on the levels of neurotransmitters in discrete brain regions of rats and its response to treatment with a-ketoglutarate (-KG; 0.5 g/kg; po; -10 min) alone or with sodium thiosulphate (STS; 1.0 g/kg; ip; -15 min). KCN significantly decreased norepinephrine, dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine levels in different brain regions which were resolved by a-KG and/or STS. Corpus striatum and hippocampus were more sensitive as compared to cerebral cortex and hypothalamus. -KG, a potential cyanide antidote alone or with STS showed neuroprotective effects against cyanide.|
|ISSN:||0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJEB Vol.48(07) [July 2010]|
Items in NOPR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.