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Title: Cyanide-induced changes in the levels of neurotransmitters in discrete brain regions of rats and their response to oral treatment with -ketoglutarate
Authors: Hariharakrishnan, Janardhanan
Satpute, Ravindra M
Bhattacharya, Rahul
Keywords: Cyanide
Cyanide antidote
Issue Date: Jul-2010
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Cyanide is a potential suicidal, homicidal and chemical warfare agent. It produces histotoxic hypoxia following inhibition of cytochrome c oxidase, a terminal respiratory chain enzyme. The profound metabolic changes lead to neurotoxicity including alterations in the levels of neurotransmitters. The present study addressed the effect of acute exposure of lethal and sub-lethal doses of potassium cyanide (KCN; 0.75 or 2.0 LD50; po) on the levels of neurotransmitters in discrete brain regions of rats and its response to treatment with a-ketoglutarate (-KG; 0.5 g/kg; po; -10 min) alone or with sodium thiosulphate (STS; 1.0 g/kg; ip; -15 min). KCN significantly decreased norepinephrine, dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine levels in different brain regions which were resolved by a-KG and/or STS. Corpus striatum and hippocampus were more sensitive as compared to cerebral cortex and hypothalamus. -KG, a potential cyanide antidote alone or with STS showed neuroprotective effects against cyanide.
Page(s): 731-736
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Source:IJEB Vol.48(07) [July 2010]

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