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|Title:||Association of functionally important polymorphisms in cytochrome P450s with squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck|
Environmental risk factors
|Abstract:||Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), a common malignancy that possibly involves a combination of exposure to the carcinogens and inherited genetic differences in the enzymes catalyzing their metabolism. Alcohol and tobacco consumption are the primary environmental risk factors, while polymorphism in various biotransformation enzymes such as cytochrome P450s (CYPs) and glutathione S-transferases, (GSTs) has been implicated as the major genetic risk factors for the development of HNSCC. The functionally important polymorphisms in these CYPs (<i>1A1*2A</i>, <i>1A1*2C</i>, <i>1B1*2</i>, <i>2E1*5B</i>, <i>2E1*6</i>, <i>2C19*2</i>, <i>2D6*4</i>, <i>2D6*10</i>) and GSTs (<i>GSTM1-</i>null or <i>GSTT1-</i>null) were found to be significantly associated with HNSCC risk. Significant differences in the distribution of certain haplotypes of CYPs have also been reported and prevalence of certain genotype combinations of CYPs and GSTS in cases has indicated the importance of gene-gene interactions in HNSCC risk<i>.</i> Alcohol or tobacco use (smoking and chewing) were also found to interact synergistically with variant genotypes of these CYPs and GSTS in significantly enhancing HNSCC risk. This increase in risk associated with the variant genotypes with tobacco or alcohol use have further demonstrated the importance of gene–environment interactions in determining the susceptibility to HNSCC.<b style=""></b>|
|ISSN:||0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJEB Vol.48(07) [July 2010]|
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