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Title: Correction factor to determine total hydrogen+deuterium concentration obtained by inert gas fusion-thermal conductivity detection (IGF-TCD) technique
Authors: Ramakumar, K L
Sayi, Y Sesha
Shankaran, P S
Chhapru, G C
Yadav, C S
Venugopal, V
Keywords: Inert gas fusion;thermal conductivity;hydrogen;deuterium
Issue Date: Nov-2004
Publisher: CSIR
IPC Code: G01N 25/18, B01D 59/00
Abstract: The limitation of commercially available dedicated equipment based on Inert Gas Fusion-Thermal Conductivity Detection (IGF-TCD) for the determination of hydrogen+deuterium is described. For a given molar concentration, deuterium is underestimated vis a vis hydrogen because of lower thermal conductivity and not considering its molecular weight in calculations. An empirical correction factor based on the differences between the thermal conductivities of hydrogen, deuterium and the carrier gas argon, and the mole fraction of deuterium in the sample has been derived to correct the observed hydrogen+deuterium concentration. The corrected results obtained by IGF-TCD technique have been validated by determining hydrogen and deuterium contents in a few samples using an independent method based on hot vacuum extraction-quadrupole mass spectrometry (HVE-QMS). Knowledge of mole fraction of deuterium (X­D) is necessary to effect the correction. The correction becomes insignificant at low XD values (XD < 0.2) as the precision in the IGF measurements is comparable with the extent of correction.
Page(s): 865-868
ISSN: 0975-0991 (Online); 0971-457X (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJCT Vol.11(6) [November 2004]

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