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Title: Chebulic Myrobalan for controlling bacterial disease in Muga Silkworm <i>Antheraea assama</i> – A preliminary report
Authors: Unni, B G
Yadav, Archana
Chaudhary, Arundhati
Kumari, Jyotsna
Wann, S W
Sarma, Runjun
Keywords: Muga silkworm
Bacterial infection
<i>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</i> strain AC-3
Chebulic myrobalan
<i>Terminalia chebula</i>
Issue Date: Oct-2004
Publisher: CSIR
Series/Report no.: <b><sup>7</sup>.</b> — A01K 67/04, A61K 35/78
Abstract: India produces four varieties of silk obtained from four types of moths. These are known as Mulberry, Tussar, Eri and Muga. Muga silkworm, <i>Antheraea assama </i>Ww. producing golden yellow silk, reared in outdoors is found only in Brahmaputra valley of Assam. Now-a-days muga silkworm is very much susceptible to bacterial infection called ‘flacherie’ caused by <i>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</i> and developed certain symptoms such as poor appetite, retarded growth, black body fluid and hanging upside down. <b><i>Terminalia chebula </i>Retz. </b>(Chebulic myrobalan; Assam —<i>Hilika</i>; Hindi — <i>Harar</i>)<i>, </i>a moderate sized or large deciduous tree found in North East India and other parts of the country was evaluated for antibacterial property against <i>P. aeruginosa </i>strain AC-3 causing ‘flacherie’ in muga silkworm. A comparative study on the antimicrobial properties of extracts prepared by different methods was performed in order to choose the most efficient antimicrobial compounds for <i>in vitro</i> as well as <i>in vivo</i> control of bacteria.
Description: 347-348
ISSN: 0975-1092 (Online); 0972-592X (Print)
Appears in Collections:NPR Vol.3(5) [September-October 2004]

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