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|Title:||Sustainable Agriculture Methods to Combat Desertification ─ The Israeli Experience|
|Abstract:||Traditional desert nomad agriculture in Israel is based upon growing wheat under rain fed conditions and sheep grazing on harvested wheat fields, as well as growing fruit trees in oasis. What characterize the desert are low precipitation, high evaporation, diverse and extreme climatic conditions, intensive solar radiation and vast land areas. Israeli arid land is composed of five distinguished regions, each with specific characteristics, resulting in few types of modern agriculture. Advanced agriculture in the desert takes advantage of producing off-season vegetables, as well as flowers, fruits, mostly palm dates for local and export markets and fodder for animal husbandry. Cultivation of tilapia fish is also practiced widely, as is the raising of ostriches. Greenhouses, in which growing conditions are fully controlled, are very common. Water is the most limiting factor. Water resources include: conducting water from out-region resource, the use of saline and thermal water, the harvesting of rain water, the recycling of sewage water and desalinized sea water. Drip irrigation to economize the use of water and using saline water, are the dominant systems. Reforestation based upon soil conservation-works and rainwater harvesting is applied. The main reasons for success in agricultural production under arid conditions, is the skilled and knowledgeable human resource.|
|ISSN:||0975-1092 (Online); 0972-592X (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||NPR Vol.3(3) [May-June 2004]|
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