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Title: Caesalpinia sappan – A medicinal and dye yielding plant
Authors: Badami, Shrishailappa
Moorkoth, Sudheer
B, Suresh
Keywords: Caesalpinia sappan;Sappan wood;heartwood;colouring agent;brazilin;traditional medicines;Ayurvedic formulations;chemical constituents;plant drugs
Issue Date: Apr-2004
Publisher: CSIR
IPC Code: Int. cl.7A61K35/78, D06P1/34, CO9B61/00, G01N33/46
Abstract: Natural products have provided a variety of lead structures, which serve as templates for the development of new drugs. The water kept in Caesalpinia sappan Linn. (Sappan lignum) heartwood is being used in Kerala as herbal drinking water for its antithirst, blood purifying, antidiabetic, improvement of complexion and several other properties. The plant is also being used worldwide for a large number of traditional medicinal purposes. Modern day research confirms its cytotoxic, antitumor, antimicrobial, antiviral, immunostimulant and several other activities. Several triterpenoids, flavonoids, oxygen heterocycles, etc. were isolated. Brazilin is found to be the main constituent of the plant responsible for several of its biological activities. The use of heartwood as a colouring agent for wine, meat, fabric, etc. is well established. It has the potential to hit the market as a safe natural colouring agent with good medicinal value for food products, beverages and pharmaceuticals. There is also a scope for further research to establish its medicinal properties and to identify lead compounds for drug development.
Page(s): 75-82
ISSN: 0975-1092 (Online); 0972-592X (Print)
Appears in Collections:NPR Vol.3(2) [March-April 2004]

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