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Title: Medicinal plants conservation through sacred forests by ethnic tribals of Virudhunagar district, Tamil Nadu
Authors: Rajendran, S M
Agarwal, S C
Keywords: Medicinal plants;Conservation;Tribals;Sacred forests;Sacred groves;Tamil Nadu;Kani;Kuravar;Pulayan;Paliyan
Issue Date: Apr-2007
Publisher: CSIR
IPC Code: Int. Cl.⁸: A61K36/00, A61P25/00
Abstract: Nature conservation practices are very ancient tradition in India. Useful biodiversity species have much reverence in culture of our country. At a time when ecological degradation and deforestation have been taking place at an alarming rate in entire world, in India numerous of pockets of natural vegetation spread over the country are preserved almost in pristine form. Such preserved pockets are commonly called sacred forests or Sunai/ Sholai/ Devasthanam. Cutting plants or grazing animals within sacred forest is a taboo. These forest covers show optimum growth of flora and luxurious exposure of fauna. Sometime, luxuriant climatic climax of forests formed by sacred forest in the midst of a devastated terrain area may be seen. Perhaps sacred groves could always be called as the last refuge for species and center for speciation and evolution. At present, these small diversity units are being ignored and given least important by the common people and the conservationist. Efforts should be made to protect these unique habitats by imposing forest laws, reducing exploitation of species at the local level by the crude drug vendors, mending the periodical collection system, encouraging cultivation by using biotech tools. The study reveals the status of different sacred forest found in Virudhunagar district, floristic composition, their systematics and by role played in plant conservation and habitat management. Tribal people predominantly maintain these groves or deity belong to tribal community.
Page(s): 328-333
ISSN: 0972-5938
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.06(2) [April 2007]

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