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Title: Small-sized neurons of trigeminal ganglia express multiple voltage-sensitive calcium channels: A qualitative immunohistochemical study
Authors: Ray, Subrata Basu
Singh, Sagolshem S
Mehra, R D
Keywords: Calcium
Ganglia
Immunohistochemistry
Ion channel
Rat
Trigeminal
Issue Date: Jun-2010
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: The cell bodies of pseudounipolar neurons of the trigeminal ganglia have been presumed to play a supportive role to neurites, which transmit various sensations like pain from the periphery to the brain stem. However, several studies have recently shown that these neuronal cell bodies could modulate the afferent stimuli by up-regulating various ion channels and also by increasing the synthesis of neuropeptides like calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). Since voltage-sensitive calcium ion channels (VSCCs) determine neuropeptides/ neurotransmitters released by neurons, the aim of the present study was to localize the various VSCCs (N-, P/Q-, L-, T- and R-types) in the trigeminal ganglia neurons by immunohistochemistry. The results showed that all the VSCCs are expressed by the cell bodies of neurons though the small-sized neurons showed higher expression of these channels. The small-sized neurons were identified by immunohistochemical localization of CGRP, the most common neuropeptide for pain transmission in the trigeminal ganglia neurons. Some of these channels (N, P/Q and T types) were also expressed on the cell surface though previous electrophysiological studies have shown the expression of all the channels on the cell surface. It is suggested that the cell bodies could play a more active role than hereto ascribed to these, in the modulation of sensory stimuli.
Page(s): 538-543
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Source:IJEB Vol.48(06) [June 2010]

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