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Title: Eroding Domestic Animal Biodiversity
Authors: Sharma, Lalit
Issue Date: May-2010
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: The rich biological diversity in farm animals is progressively getting eroded, especially in cattle, poultry, sheep and pigs where a large percentage is either being replaced by exotic or crosses of the exotic and native breeds. EVERY animal, wild or domestic, has a role to play in the bio-chain. Over a period of time, livestock farmers have developed a wide range of domestic animal breeds. These breeds are adapted to the conditions of subsistence farming practiced by close to 640 million livestock keepers. Domestic animals provide milk, eggs and meat, plough the fields, and transport goods and people in rural areas, often despite the pressures of heat, drought, diseases and parasites. They not only contribute to the national GDP significantly, but also help in uplift of the socio-economic status of the rural masses. India, owing to the geological events in the landmass and subsequent geography, provides conditions for high levels of biological diversity. In spite of occupying only 2.4% of the world, India has 7% of rich animal diversity, making her a hub for global domestic animal diversity.
Page(s): 52-54
ISSN: 0036-8512
Source:SR Vol.47(05) [May 2010]

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