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Title: Frozen Zoos!
Authors: Thakur, Mukesh
Javed, Ruhina
Issue Date: May-2010
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Despite there being numerous gene repositories in the country, there is no initiative as yet to develop a national gene bank exclusively for the preservation and utilization of wild animal germplasm. Genome Resource Bank (GRB) or Frozen Zoo would provide significant benefits for wildlife managers as it holds particular promise for endangered species. IT’S not a zoo that you would particularly enjoy visiting. Unlike the conventional zoo where antics of animals in captivity keep you entertained, in a Frozen Zoo you are more likely to come across tanks containing semen and embryos of wild animals frozen in liquid nitrogen. Sometime in the future, when an animal in the wild is threatened with extinction, it could be reproduced thanks to the gene material safely stored in the Frozen Zoo.Wildlife reproduction is a new and upcoming trend in conservation of wildlife. Practiced widely in several countries, it is not yet frequently applied in India. There are several new methods available today in wildlife reproduction including Cross-fostering, Artificial incubation, Artificial insemination, and Embryo transfer. All these methods go a long way in boosting genetic variability, increasing population size, and improving reproductive success.
Page(s): 44-48
ISSN: 0036-8512
Source:SR Vol.47(05) [May 2010]

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