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Title: Insecticide/Fungicide
Issue Date: Aug-2005
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: The leaf pulp of Aloe vera Tourn. ex Linn., designated as the gel, and the bitter, yellow liquid fraction have been tested against pathogens (bacteria and fungi) affecting human and plants. However, their activity for fungal control in commercial industrial crops has not been determined. Thus, researchers at Mexico carried out studies to evaluate the inhibitory effect of Aloe pulp and liquid fraction on the mycelial growth of three phytopathogenic fungi and to determine the extract concentrations that can inhibit mycelial development. A. vera leaves were cut from plants grown under greenhouse conditions at the University Antonio Narro, disinfected with sodium hypochlorite and separated in two groups. In the first group, the pulp was manually scraped out; in the second, a laboratory roll processor was used for the pulp and liquid fraction separation. Both types of extracts were pasteurized. Antifungal activity of pulp and liquid fraction was evaluated on the mycellium development of Rhizoctonia solani, Fusarium oxysporum and Colletotrichum coccodes that were isolated from a potato crop by the hyphae point and monosporic techniques. Fungal plugs 0.4mm in diameter were placed in petri dishes with a potato–dextrose–agar (PDA) culture media and treated with various concentrations of pulp or liquid fraction. The cultures were incubated at 24±2 C and the radial growth of mycelia measured daily for 7 days. The antifungal effect was measured under a totally random design with four replications.  
Page(s): 289-289
ISSN: 0975-1092 (Online); 0972-592X (Print)
Appears in Collections:NPR Vol.4(4) [July-August 2005]

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