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|Title:||Utilization of termite, Odontotermes formosanus by tribes of South India in medicine and food|
|Keywords:||Entomophagy;Ethnozoology;Termite;Odontotermes formosanus;South Indian Tribes;Zootherapy|
|IPC Code:||Int. cl.7 —A23L 1/00, A61K 35/64|
|Abstract:||Termites form an important part of the diet of human beings around the world including India. It is also a rich source of food for various other vertebrates and plants. By food value, termites are rich source of protein, thus forming an important diet for pregnant women and children. Termites are also used in South Indian folk medicine. Many South Indian tribes including 'Kannikaran', 'Paniyan', 'Palliyan', 'Sholaga', 'Irular' and 'Kota' have been using the termite Odontotermes formosanus Shiraki for the treatment of asthma, a disease likely to be deteriorated by viral infection. 'Kanikaran' and 'Palliyan' tribes also have been using O. formosanus as food to enhance lactation in women. Preliminary studies confirm the antimicrobial potentialities of O. formosanus, besides a role in growth and development, thus supporting the tribal remedies. Present paper is a compilation of information from literature on utilization of termites as medicine and food.|
|ISSN:||0975-1092 (Online); 0972-592X (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||NPR Vol.4(2) [March-April 2005]|
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