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NPR Vol.4(2) [March-April 2005] >


Title: Utilization of termite, Odontotermes formosanus by tribes of South India in medicine and food
Authors: Wilsanand, V
Keywords: Entomophagy
Ethnozoology
Termite
Odontotermes formosanus
South Indian Tribes
Zootherapy
Issue Date: Apr-2005
Publisher: CSIR
IPC CodeInt. cl.7 —A23L 1/00, A61K 35/64
Abstract: Termites form an important part of the diet of human beings around the world including India. It is also a rich source of food for various other vertebrates and plants. By food value, termites are rich source of protein, thus forming an important diet for pregnant women and children. Termites are also used in South Indian folk medicine. Many South Indian tribes including 'Kannikaran', 'Paniyan', 'Palliyan', 'Sholaga', 'Irular' and 'Kota' have been using the termite Odontotermes formosanus Shiraki for the treatment of asthma, a disease likely to be deteriorated by viral infection. 'Kanikaran' and 'Palliyan' tribes also have been using O. formosanus as food to enhance lactation in women. Preliminary studies confirm the antimicrobial potentialities of O. formosanus, besides a role in growth and development, thus supporting the tribal remedies. Present paper is a compilation of information from literature on utilization of termites as medicine and food.
Page(s): 121-125
ISSN: 0975-1092 (Online); 0972-592X (Print)
Source:NPR Vol.4(2) [March-April 2005]

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