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|Title:||Cultivation prospects of German chamomile in South India|
|Keywords:||German chamomile;Essential oil;Matricaria chamomilla;Cultivation;Karnataka;South India;Asteraceae|
|IPC Code:||Int. cl.8—A01G9/00, A61K36/00, C11B9/00|
|Abstract:||German chamomile, Matricaria chamomilla Linn. is used both in traditional and modern systems of medicines. It is an ingredient of several traditional Unani and Homoeopathic medicinal preparations. Blue oil extracted from dry capitula is highly valued in international trade. It is an introduced crop in India and mainly cultivated in Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh and Assam. It is a crop of 4-6 months mainly propagated by seeds either by transplanting or by direct sowing. It is also being grown in South India on experimental basis. In northern dry zone of Karnataka under Ghataprabha river command area, it recorded fresh flower yield of 6.35 tonnes/ha and dry flower yield of 1.88 tonnes/ha with the spacing of 30 × 20cm. The crop seems to be very hardy as there are no pests and diseases recorded in this crop during the crop growth. However, aphids are seen but not serious to reduce the crop yield significantly. The trials are underway to study the effect of different dates of planting on growth, yield and quality of chamomile under this situation. In the present paper cultivation prospects of this medicinal and aromatic crop has been discussed for encouraging commercial cultivation in South Indian region.|
|ISSN:||0975-1092 (Online); 0972-592X (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||NPR Vol.6(2) [March-April 2007]|
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