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Title: <b style="">Preliminary studies on the antivenin potential and phytochemical analysis of the crude extracts of <i>Balanites aegyptiaca</i> (Linn.) Delile on albino rats</b>
Authors: Wufem, B M
Adamu, Harami M
Cham, Y A
Kela, S L
Keywords: Venom
Saw-scaled viper
<i style="">Echis carinatus</i>
Snake bite
<i style="">Balanites aegyptiaca</i>
Desert date
Phytochemical screening
Stem bark
Wistar rats
Issue Date: Feb-2007
Publisher: CSIR
Series/Report no.: <b style=""></b> <b>Int. cl.<sup>8</sup> — </b>A61K 36/00, A61K 129/00
Abstract: The stem bark of <b style=""><i style="">Balanites aegyptiaca</i> (Linn.) Delile</b> which is known as Desert Date was sequentially extracted with hexane, toluene, chloroform, acetone and methanol at room temperature. The effectiveness of acetone and methanol extracts was tested against Saw-scaled (<i>Echis carinatus</i>) viper venom concentration at lethal dose (0.194mg/ml) which was administered intramuscularly into Wistar rats. Both extracts were found to be effective at 75mg/ml and 100mg/ml concentrations. Phytochemical screening of the acetone and the methanol extracts revealed the presence of saponins, tannins and volatile oils.
Description: 18-21
ISSN: 0975-1092 (Online); 0972-592X (Print)
Appears in Collections:NPR Vol.6(1) [January-February 2007]

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