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Title: Biodegradation of pendimethalin by Bacillus circulans
Authors: Megadi, Veena B
Tallur, Preeti N
Hoskeri, Robertcyril S
Mulla, Sikandar I
Ninnekar, Harichandra Z
Keywords: Biodegradation
Bacillus circulans
Issue Date: Apr-2010
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: A bacterium capable of degrading herbicide, pendimethalin, was isolated from the contaminated soil by enrichment culture technique and identified as Bacillus circulans. The organism grew on pendimethalin (1 g/L) as the sole source of carbon and accumulated 6-aminopendimethalin and 3,4-dimethyl 2,6-dinitroaniline as metabolites in the culture medium. The cell-free extract of B. circulans grown on pendimethalin contained the activities of pendimethalin nitroreductase and pendimethalin mixed function oxidase. The results suggest that the bacterium degraded pendimethalin by nitroreduction to 6-aminopendimethalin and by oxidative dealkylation to 3,4-dimethyl 2,6-dinitroaniline and pentane, which was utilized as the source of carbon and energy for growth
Description: 173-177
ISSN: 0975-0967 (Online); 0972-5849 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBT Vol.09(2) [April 2010]

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