|Abstract: ||Traumatic events such as the recent devastating
earthquake in Haiti may also lead to post traumatic stress disorder in
survivors. It is important for everyone to be aware of the disorder to be able
to help sufferers after such traumatic events or even take charge of their own
emotions if they happen to be caught in the midst of such a situation.|
OPEN any newspaper these days, and you find it difficult to overlook news of traumatic accidents, destructive natural disasters, terrorist strikes, and untold casualties in war zones. Traumatic events like earthquakes and tsunamis, rail and air accidents, militant strikes and terrorist hold-ups often lead to widespread loss to property and heavy fatalities. The most recent earthquake in Haiti led to unprecedented casualties.
Such events also leave deep psychological scars on survivors unfortunate to have been caught in the vortex of such calamities but fortunate to survive. In most of these cases, it leads to a psychological disorder called Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Complex PTSD (C-PTSD) usually results from exposure to traumatic events or series thereof and is characterized by long lasting problems with many aspects of emotional and social functioning.
PTSD is different from general traumatic stress or combat stress reaction. The latter one has less intensity and duration as compared to PTSD. In the past, PTSD has also been recognized by various names like railway spine, stress syndrome, shell shock, battle fatigue, traumatic war neurosis, or post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSS).