NISCAIR Online Periodicals Repository

Research Journals >
Indian Journal of Chemical Technology (IJCT) >
IJCT Vol.13 [2006] >
IJCT Vol.13(1) [January 2006] >

Title: Alternate method for synthesis of 1,3,3-trinitroazetidine (TNAZ): Next generation melt castable high energy material
Authors: Jadhav, H S
Talawar, M B
Dhavale, D D
Asthana, S N
Krishnamurthy, V N
Keywords: Trinitroazetidine
Melt cast explosive
Issue Date: Jan-2006
Publisher: CSIR
IPC CodeInt.Cl.7 C06B25/00
Abstract: The synthesis of 1,3,3-trinitroazetidine (TNAZ) from 2,2-dinitropropane-1,3-diol precursor derived from nitromethane is described. The cyclization of 1,3-dichloro-2,2-dinitropropane in presence of t-butyl amine to t-butylated azetidine ring, followed by its nitration afforded target molecule TNAZ in minimum number of synthesis steps. TNAZ was characterized by elemental analysis, Spectral Energy Dispersive Analyser-X-ray (EDAX), and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) techniques. Thermolysis studies on TNAZ were undertaken using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Thermo Gravimetric (TG) techniques. The Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) of decomposition products of TNAZ revealed the evolution of oxides of nitrogen and –CN containing species suggesting the cleavage of C/N-NO2 bond accompanied with the collapse of the ring structure. The sensitivity data obtained for the TNAZ indicated its sensitive nature towards external stimuli (Impact height (h50%) for explosion > 47 cm; Friction insensitive up to > 36 kg). The theoretically predicted performance parameters suggest that TNAZ is energetically superior in terms of velocity of detonation (VOD: 8.6 km/s) and power index (PI: 182) compared to the conventionally used melt castable high explosive 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) (VOD-6.66 km/s and PI-125).
Page(s): 41-46
ISSN: 0975-0991 (Online); 0971-457X (Print)
Source:IJCT Vol.13(1) [January 2006]

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
IJCT 13(1) 41-46.pdf194.75 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
 Current Page Visits: 132 
Recommend this item


Online Submission of Articles |  NISCAIR Website |  National Knowledge Resources Consortium |  Contact us |  Feedback

Disclaimer: NISCAIR assumes no responsibility for the statements and opinions advanced by contributors. The editorial staff in its work of examining papers received for publication is helped, in an honorary capacity, by many distinguished engineers and scientists.

CC License Except where otherwise noted, the Articles on this site are licensed under Creative Commons License: CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India

Copyright © 2015 The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. All rights reserved.

Powered by DSpace Copyright © 2002-2007 MIT and Hewlett-Packard | Compliant to OAI-PMH V 2.0

Home Page Total Visits: 170271 since 01-Sep-2015  Last updated on 30-Jun-2016Webmaster: