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Title: Amta and Amti (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)-Cultural and agricultural dynamics of agrobiodiversity conservation
Authors: Singh, Ranjay K
Sureja, Amish K
Singh, Dheeraj
Keywords: Amta
Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn
Indigenous knowledge
Women folk
Agrobiodiversity conservation
Indigenous pest control
Issue Date: Jan-2006
Publisher: CSIR
IPC Code Int. Cl.7: A01G1/00, A01G3/00
Abstract: The local farmers possess an immense knowledge of their environment, based on the years of informal wisdom and close observations of the nature. By living in rich and variety of complex ecosystems, they have developed an understanding of the properties of the plants’ use, the functioning of ecosystem, food web, and techniques for their effective management. Equally, people’s knowledge and perceptions towards environment are important elements of cultural identity and biodiversity conservation. Looking to the importance of such knowledge systems, an effort has been made to carryout a research on use and conservation of Amta and Amti in purposively selected tribals’ villages of Madhya Pradesh. Tribal farmers have been found to develop the location specific practices to conserve Amta and Amti. These crops form an integral part of local medicines used for curing many diseases of human and animals, ethnic foods, culture, cropping systems, ecology and overall socioeconomic conditions of the farmers. The calyx and corolla of these crops are frequently used for preparing beverages. The tender leaves and stem are used as vegetable and for preparing chutney. Amta and Amti are significant and integral part of local cropping systems and are mixed with red gram, finger millet, kutki (millet), paddy and local vegetables. A synergistic relationship exists between Amta and Amti and these crops, thereby helping to control insect pest population, conserve natural resources and increase the productivity. The perception of women folk towards the different values related to Amta and Amti were found to be stronger than the male folk and similarly percentage of contribution in conservation of these crops women folk play a major role.
Page(s): 151-157
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Source:IJTK Vol.05(1) [January 2006]

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