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Title: Traditional agricultural practices in Meghalaya, North East India
Authors: Jeeva, Solomon Retna Dhas Nadar
Laloo, Roytre Christopher
Mishra, Bhanu Prakash
Keywords: Bamboo drip irrigation
Bun agriculture
Indigenous agricultural practices
Shifting cultivation
Traditional agriculture system
Traditional storage system
Terrace cultivation
Issue Date: Jan-2006
Publisher: CSIR
IPC CodeInt. Cl.7: A01B1/00, A01B15/00, A01B19/00, A01C3/00, A01C5/00, A01C7/00, A01G1/00, A01G13/00, A01G25/00,C05G3/00, A01M1/00, A01M5/00, A01M31/00, A01N3/00, A01F25/00
Abstract: The paper deals with traditional farming systems practiced by indigenous communities of Meghalaya. Majority of tribal people (ca. 83 per cent) in the state is engaged in agriculture. The shifting cultivation and terrace (bun) agriculture are two major farming systems, prevalent in Meghalaya. Tree based farming practices are also prevalent in the state. The crops are grown in association with tree species like alder, Aquilaria, areca nut, coconut, bamboo, Khasi pine, etc. Due to undulating topography and hilly terrain, the farmers predominantly use bamboo drip irrigation practice. The harvesting of crops adds a new dimension towards improvement of soil fertility. The farmers pick up ear heads of crops only, other parts of plant are left on cultivated land. The farmers store grains in structures, made of soil and plant materials. The seed storage structures are traditional and resistant to insects.
Page(s): 7-18
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Source:IJTK Vol.05(1) [January 2006]

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