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IJEB Vol.44(09) [September 2006] >

Title: Prepatent detection of Fasciola gigantica infection in bovine calves using metacercarial antigen
Authors: Velusamy, R
Singh, B P
Ghosh, S
Chandra, D
Raina, O K
Gupta, S C
Keywords: Bovine calves
Fasciola gigantica
Metacercarial antigen
Issue Date: Sep-2006
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Metacercarial antigen of Fasciola gigantica was evaluated for early immunodiagnosis of experimental bovine fasciolosis using ELISA and Western blot. In ELISA, the experimental F. gigantica infection was detected as early as 2 weeks post-infection (WPI). The gradual increasing trend of antibody level was observed from 2 to 7 WPI, followed by a plateau, which was maintained up to 14 WPI. In Western blot, sera from experimentally infected calves recognized one distinct polypeptide of 21 kDa in fractionated metacercarial antigen as early as 10 th day post infection. From 2 WPI, more polypeptide bands were reacting. Recognition of these protein bands persisted till the end of the experiment (14 WPI). Cattle sera collected from the field showed 34.5% seroprevalence of fasciolosis by ELISA using MAg. Comparative immunoblot studies of metacercarial antigen with anti-Gigantocotyle explanatum and anti-Paramphistomum epiclitum sera revealed that 21 and 25 kDa polypeptides of metacercarial antigen did not cross-react with any of these sera and appear to be unique to F. gigantica and having the desirable qualities of early and specific immunodiagnosis.
Page(s): 749-753
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Source:IJEB Vol.44(09) [September 2006]

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