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IJEB Vol.44(06) [June 2006] >


Title: Oral poly(lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticle based antituberculosis drug delivery: Toxicological and chemotherapeutic implications
Authors: Pandey, Rajesh
Sharma, Sadhna
Khuller, G K
Keywords: Chemotherapy
Nanoparticles
Poly(lactide-co-glycolide)
Toxicity
Tuberculosis
Issue Date: Jun-2006
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: The present study reports on the detailed toxicological and chemotherapeutic evaluation of antituberculosis drug loaded nanoparticles in mice. A single oral dose administration of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLG, a synthetic polymer) nanoparticles containing rifampicin+isoniazid+pyrazinamide+ethambutol could maintain drug levels in various tissues for 9-10 days and did not elicit any adverse response even when administered at several fold higher than the recommended therapeutic dose. However, dosing with conventional free drugs at the equivalent higher doses was lethal. Despite multiple oral dosing with the formulation at every 10th day, no toxicity was observed on the completion of subacute (28 days) or chronic (90 days) toxicity studies based on survival, gross pathology, histopathology, blood biochemistry and hematology. In mice harboring a high mycobacterial load (mimicking human tuberculosis), two independent chemotherapeutic regimens, i.e. 5 doses of PLG nanoparticles encapsulating (rifampicin+isoniazid+pyrazinamide+ethambutol) administered 10 days apart, or 2 doses of the 4-drug formulation followed by 3 doses of 2-drug formulation (rifampicin+isoniazid) resulted in undetectable bacilli. Further, the efficacy was comparable to 46 daily doses of oral free drugs. Therefore, the experimental evidence suggests that PLG nanoparticle-based antituberculosis drug delivery system is safe and well suited for prolonged and intermittent oral chemotherapy.
Page(s): 459-467
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Source:IJEB Vol.44(06) [June 2006]

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