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IJEB Vol.44(05) [May 2006] >


Title: Comparative evaluation of possible ocular photochemical toxicity of fluoroquinolones meant for ocular use in experimental models
Authors: Velpandian, T
Bankoti, R
Humayun, S
Ravi, A K
Kumari, S S
Biswas, N R
Keywords: Bovine vitreous
Eye
Fluoroquinolones
HET-CAM-UV model
Phototoxicity
Issue Date: May-2006
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Fluoroquinolones (FQs) are extensively used in bacterial keratitis and other intraocular infections. Since eye is constantly exposed to light, incidence of ocular phototoxicity due to commonly used FQs is of great interest for their safe use. Phototoxicity of commonly used FQs (ciprofloxacin, lomefloxacin, pefloxacin, ofloxacin, sparfloxacin and gatifloxacin), has been evaluated by using HET-CAM-UV model (Photo Hen Egg Test-C Chorioallantoic Membrane model). This study was further extended by adding lomefloxacin dissolved in bovine vitreous (0.5ml) on the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM). Using a standard scale, the phototoxic damage was assessed at different time intervals. Respective controls were kept in dark to distinguish the toxicity of the drugs per se. The results showed that the phototoxicity induced by lomefloxacin was very high followed by gatifloxacin and sparfloxacin and least for other drugs studied. Interestingly, lomefloxacin along with vitreous showed significantly low phototoxicity. This could be due to the antioxidant property of ascorbic acid present in the vitreous.
Page(s): 387-391
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Source:IJEB Vol.44(05) [May 2006]

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