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Title: Constitutive acetonitrile hydrolysing activity of Nocardia globerula NHB-2: Optimization of production and reaction conditions
Authors: Kumar, H
Prasad, S
Raj, J
Bhalla, T C
Keywords: Acetonitrilase
Amidase
Nitrile hydratase
Nocardia globerula NHB-2
Issue Date: Mar-2006
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Nocardia globerula NHB-2 exhibited an intracellular acetonitrile hydrolysing activity (AHA) when cultivated in nutrient broth supplemented with glucose (10.0 g/l) and yeast extract (1.0 g/l), at pH 8.0, 30°C for 21 hr. Maximum AHA was recorded in the culture containing 0.1 M of sodium phosphate buffer, (pH 8.8) at 45°C for 15 min with 600 μmol of acetonitrile and resting cells of N. globerula NHB-2 equivalent to 1.0 ml culture broth. This activity was stable up to 40°C and was completely inactivated at or above 60°C. About five-fold increase in AHA was observed after optimization of culture and reaction conditions. Under the optimized conditions, this organism hydrolyzed various nitriles and amides such as propionitrile, benzonitrile, acetamide, and acrylamide to corresponding acids. This nitrile/amide hydrolysing activity of N. globerula NHB-2 has potential applications in enzymatic synthesis of organic acids and bioremediation of nitriles and amides contaminated soil and water system.
Page(s): 240-245
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Source:IJEB Vol.44(03) [March 2006]

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