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Title: Biosorption of Ni, Cr and Cd by metal tolerant <i style="">Aspergillus niger </i>and <i style="">Penicillium sp.</i> using single and multi-metal solution
Authors: Ahmad, Iqbal
Ansari, Mohd Ikram
Aqil, Farrukh
Keywords: <i style="">Aspergillus</i>
Filamentous fungi
Metal biosorption
Metal tolerance
<i style="">Penicillium</i>
Issue Date: Jan-2006
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Fungi including <i style="">Aspergillus</i> and <i style="">Penicillium, </i>resistant to Ni<sup>2+</sup>, Cd<sup>2+</sup>, and Cr<sup>6+</sup> were isolated from soil receiving long-term application of municipal wastewater mix with untreated industrial effluents of Aligarh, India. Metal tolerance in term of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was 125-550 μg/ml for Cd, 300-850 μg/ml for Ni and 300-600 μg/ml for Cr against test fungi. Two isolates<i style="">, Aspergillus niger </i>and<i style=""> Penicillium sp.</i> were tested for their Cr, Ni and Cd biosorption potential using alkali treated, dried and powdered mycelium<i style="">.</i> Biosorption experiment was conducted in 100 ml of solution at three initial metal concentrations i.e., 2, 4 and 6 m<i style="">M</i> with contact time (18 hr) and pretreated fungal biomass (0.1g) at 25°C. Biosorption of all metals was found higher at 4 m<i style="">M</i> initial metal concentration as compared to biosorption at 2 and 6 m<i style="">M</i> concentrations. At 4 m<i style="">M</i> initial metal concentration, chromium biosorption was 18.05 and 19.3 mg/g of <i style="">Aspergillus</i> and <i style="">Penicillium </i>biomasses, respectively. Similarly, biosorption of Cd and Ni ions was also maximum at 4 m<i style="">M</i> initial metal concentration by <i style="">Aspergillus </i>(19.4 mg/g for Cd and 25.05 mg/g of biomass for Ni) and <i style="">Penicillium </i>(18.6 mg/g for Cd and 17.9 mg/g of biomass for Ni). In general, biosorption of metal was influenced by initial metal concentration and type of the test fungi. The results indicated that fungi of metal contaminated soil have high level of metal tolerance and biosorption properties.
Description: 73-76
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.44(01) [January 2006]

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