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Title:  Indigenous knowledge of yak breeding and management by Brokpa community in eastern Himalaya, Arunachal Pradesh
Authors: Singh, Ranjay K
Brokpa community
Keywords: Brokpa
Yak conservation
Ethnoveterinary practices
Indigenous knowledge
Traditional yak breeding
Issue Date: Oct-2009
Publisher: CSIR
IPC CodeInt. Cl.8: A01K, A01N3/00, A01K61/00, A61P1/04, A61P1/06, A61P1/10, A61P1/16, A61P15/00, A61P15/14
Abstract:  Indigenous ways of conserving the animals through adoption of traditional breeding methods, classifying the breeds, diagnosing the diseases, and preventing the disorders and diseases by using locally available ethnoveterinary practices is still found to be rational and predominant in the remote places in India plays a pivotal role in conserving the animals’ diversity. This research address the facets of traditional yak breeding systems and healthcare management using indigenous knowledge systems such as local forest, rangeland resources and ethnoveterinary practices. The research was conducted among Brokpa community of Monpa tribe in randomly selected villages of West Kameng and Tawang districts of Arunachal Pradesh. Participatory rural appraisal (PRA) and personal interview methods were employed to record the data. Result indicates that Brokpa community has developed local ways of conserving the yak breed. They select male and female breed in their traditional breeding programme by following certain definite criteria based on the phenotypic characters and productivity of animals. Informal rural social institutions play decisive role while exchanging the traditional yak breeds to be used in breeding. The healthcare of yak is maintained by selecting and feeding a range of indigenous grasses, trees and shrubs apart from the predominant system of accessing the rangeland ecosystems. Various diseases and disorders are combated by applying the ethnoveterinary practices based on locally available plants and practices. The economy and livelihood of Brokpa community are significantly affected by the stocks of indigenous yak breeds and their level of productivity. The role of indigenous knowledge of Brokpa in conservation and management of traditional breeds of yak can be used in participatory animals’ biodiversity conservation.
Page(s): 495-501
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Source:IJTK Vol.08(4) [October 2009]

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