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Title: Application of response surface methodology in the optimization of process parameters for the production of Kinnow wine
Authors: Panesar, Parmjit S
Panesar, Reeba
Singh, Bahadur
Keywords: Kinnow;Citrus reticulata;Fermentation;Ethanol;Wine;Response Surface Methodology
Issue Date: Aug-2009
Publisher: CSIR
IPC Code: Int. cl.8—C12G 1/00, A23L 2/06
Abstract:  Kinnow mandarin is one of the major citrus fruit crops of India, which suffers from post-harvest losses during glut period. The fermentation of this juice to wine can be attractive alternatives to explore its potential in alcoholic beverage industry. The present investigation was carried to find out the optimal conditions for the efficient conversion of kinnow juice into wine using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). Numerical optimization technique was applied to achieve the maximum possible ethanol production. The optimum process conditions for this fermentation process were 26°Brix total soluble solids concentration, 5.4 pH, 29°C temperature and inoculum size of 7.5% (v/v) and 5 days of incubation period. Corresponding to these optimum conditions, the predicted value of ethanol production was found to be 11%, which was experimentally verified.
Page(s): 366-373
ISSN: 0975-1092 (Online); 0972-592X (Print)
Appears in Collections:NPR Vol.8(4) [July-August 2009]

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