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Title: Electrical and optical properties of poly(aniline-co-8-anilino-1-napthalene sulphonic acid) — A material for ESD applications
Authors: Bansal, Vineet
Bhandari, Hema
Bansal, M C
Dhawan, S K
Keywords: Conducting polymer
Poly(aniline-co-8-anilino-1-napthalenesulphonic acid)
Electrostatic charge dissipation
Issue Date: Sep-2009
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: The homopolymer of aniline (An) and its copolymer with 8-anilino-1-napthalene suplhonic acid (8-ANSA) was synthesized by chemical oxidative as well as electrochemical polymerization process in the presence of <i style="">para</i>-toluene sulphonic acid (PTSA) as a dopant. The spectral, thermal, morphological and electrochemical properties of PTSA doped polyaniline and its copolymer (An-co-8-ANSA) were studied and compared to elucidate the effect of the inclusion of 8-ANSA in the copolymer feed. The resultant copolymer showed better solubility and processibility but this approach usually results in the lowering of conductivity, hence the ratio of aniline and 8-ANSA in the copolymer feed was selected to 80:20. The room temperature conductivity of the PTSA doped polyaniline (PANI-PTS) and poly(An-co-8-ANSA) in 80:20 was found to be in the order of 1.74 S/cm to 9.77×10<sup>-1 </sup>S/cm, respectively. Conductivity mechanism of charge transport has been investigated in the range 30-300K. In the temperature range 30-70 K, copolymer showed tunneling mechanism. However, above 70 K conductivity attributes to Mott<sup>’</sup>s variable range hopping (VRH) mechanism. The electrochemical behaviour of the polymers was studied by cyclic voltametry. The structure of the copolymer is characterized by <sup>1</sup>H NMR spectroscopy, UV-visible and FTIR spectroscopy. Electrostatic charge dissipation (ESD) of the conducting copolymer blend was also studied by blending of 1% of PTSA doped polyaniline and poly(aniline-co-8-ANSA) with LDPE which shows a static decay time of 0.1 to 0.25 sec on dissipating the charge from 5000 to 500 V.
Description: 667-675
ISSN: 0975-1041 (Online); 0019-5596 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJPAP Vol.47(09) [September 2009]

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