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Title: Genetic conservation of plantation crops and spices using cryopreservation
Authors: Chaudhury, Rekha
Malik, S K
Keywords: cryopreservation
embryonic axes
shoot apices
Issue Date: Jul-2004
Publisher: CSIR
Series/Report no.: Int. Cl.<sup>7</sup> A 23 B 7/024, 7/055, 9/10
Abstract: <smarttagtype namespaceuri="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" name="country-region"><smarttagtype namespaceuri="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" name="City"><smarttagtype namespaceuri="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" name="place"> Germplasm conservation in the form of seed is convenient and most cost-effective <i style="">ex situ</i> conservation method for plant species producing orthodox seeds. Several species of plantation crops and spices produce non-orthodox seeds, which exhibit intermediate or recalcitrant seed storage behaviour. Storage of these species requires the use of <i style="">in vitro</i> conservation techniques for short- to medium-term conservation and cryopreservation to achieve long-term conservation. Various cryotechniques applicable to 11 genera totaling 16 species [rubber (<i style="">Hevea brasiliensis </i>Muell.- Arg.), cocoa (<i style="">Theobroma cacao </i>L.), coconut (<i style="">Cocos nucifera </i>L.), arecanut (<i style="">Areca catechu </i>L.), oilpalm (<i style="">Elaeis guineensis </i>Jacq.), <i style="">Coffea</i> spp., tea (<i style="">Camellia sinensis </i>L.(O.) Kuntze), black pepper (<i style="">Piper nigrum </i>L.), cardamom (<i style="">Elettaria cardamomum </i>Maton), cashew (<i style="">Anacardium occidentale </i>L.) and nutmeg (<i style="">Myristica fragrans </i>Houtt)] are reviewed in the present paper. Physical and physiological factors determining the success or failure of cryopreservation are also discussed. </smarttagtype></smarttagtype></smarttagtype>
Description: 348-358
ISSN: 0975-0967 (Online); 0972-5849 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBT Vol.03(3) [July 2004]

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