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Title: Micellar effect on the reaction of chromium(VI) oxidation of some representative –hydroxy acids in the presence and absence of 2,2´-bipyridyl in aqueous acid media: A kinetic study
Authors: Bayen, Ruhidas
Islam, Monirul
Das, Asim K
Keywords: Kinetics
Reaction mechanisms
Micellar effects
Hydroxy acids
Issue Date: Aug-2009
Publisher: CSIR
Series/Report no.: Int. Cl.9 C07B33/00
Abstract: The kinetics and mechanism of chromic acid oxidation of -hydroxy acids in the presence and absence of 2,2´-bipyridyl in aqueous acid media have been studied at different temperatures by quenching technique under the conditions of [-hydroxy acid] >> [Cr(VI)]T and [bpy]T >>[Cr(VI)]T. Under the kinetic conditions, the monomeric species of Cr(VI) has been found to be kinetically active in the absence of bpy while in the bpy-catalysed path, Cr(VI)bpy complex is suggested as the active oxidant. In the bpy-catalysed path, Cr(VI)-bpy complex receives a nucleophilic attack by the substrate to form a ternary complex which subsequently experiences a 2e-transfer redox decomposition leading to Cr(IV)-bpy complex and keto acid. Then the Cr(IV)-bpy complex participates in the oxidation of -hydroxy acid in faster steps and ultimately is converted into the inert Cr(III)-bpy complex. In the uncatalysed path, Cr(VI)-substrate ester undergoes a redox decomposition through 2e-transfer at the rate determining step. The uncatalysed as well as the bpy-catalysed paths show first order dependence on both [-hydroxy acid]T and [Cr(VI)]T. The bpy-catalysed path is first order in [bpy]T. In the presence of surfactants like N-cetylpyridinium chloride and sodium dodecyl sulfate, the reaction orders remain unchanged. The former has been found to retard both the uncatalysed and bpy-catalysed paths while the latter shows rate accelerating effect for both the paths. The observed micellar effects have been explained by considering hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions between the reactants and surfactants in terms of the proposed mechanism.
Description: 1055-1061
ISSN: 0975-0975 (Online); 0376-4710 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJC-A Vol.48A(08) [August 2009]

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