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Title: Low latitude ionospheric variations during geomagnetic storms measured using ROCSAT-1 satellite observations
Authors: Rana, Geeta
Bardhan, Ananna
Sharma, Dinesh Kumar
Yadav, ManiKant
Keywords: Geomagnetic storm;Ionospheric parameters;F2 region ionosphere;low latitude;satellite measurements;IRI-model
Issue Date: Dec-2020
Publisher: CSIR-NISCAIR, India
Abstract: In the present paper the response of ionospheric parameters- ion densities and ion temperature (H+, O+ and Ti) to a weak (30 July 1999) and a moderate (13 November 1999) geomagnetic storm (GS) at low latitude Indian region using observed and modelled values has been analyzed. The study has been carried out by using ROCSAT-1 satellite data over the region encompassed between 5-35º geog N and 65-95º geog E at an average altitude ~ 600 km. A comparative study has also been done with the IRI-2016 modelled values. The ionospheric plasma parameters have shown anomalous behaviour during disturbed days in comparison to the quiet days. For the weak GS, both the average O+ and H+ density have been increased by a factor of around 1.8 during disturbed and quiet days respectively as calculated by ROCSAT-1. For the moderate GS, the average O+ and H+ density has been increased by a factor of around 2.7 and 6.3 respectively during disturbed and quiet days respectively, as calculated by ROCSAT-1. And the least or negligible variation has been observed in Ti for both measured and modelled values during weak and moderate GS.
Page(s): 171-179
ISSN: 0975-105X (Online); 0367-8393 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJRSP Vol.49(4) [December 2020]

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