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|Title:||Blood flow regulation in the cerebral microvasculature with an arcadal network: A numerical simulation|
|Keywords:||Arcadal network;Cerebral microcirculation;Flow-induced response;Flow regulation;Numerical simulation|
|Abstract:||Blood flow regulation in the cerebral microvasculature with an arcadal network was investigated using a numerical simulation. A mathematical model for blood flow in the arcadal network, based on in vivo data of cat cerebral microvasculature and flow velocity was developed. The network model consists of 45 vessel segments and 25 branching points. To simulate microvascular response to blood flow, non-reactive (solid), cerebral arteriole-like, or skeletal muscle arteriole-like responses to wall shear stress were taken into account. Numerical calculation was carried out in the flow condition where the inlet (arterial) pressure was changed from 60 to 120 mmHg. Flow-rate in each efferent vessel and the mean flow-rate over all efferent vessels were evaluated for assessment of blood supply to the local area of cerebral tissue. The simulation demonstrated the wall shear stress-induced vasodilation in the arcadal network worked to maintain the blood flow at a constant level with pressure variable in a wide range. It is suggested that an individual microvessel (segment) should join in the regulatory process of flow, interacting with other microvessels (cooperative regulation).|
|ISSN:||0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJEB Vol.45(01) [January 2007]|
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