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Title: Population studies of Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall. in Darjeeling district of West Bengal
Authors: Bantawa, Pranay
Mondal, Tapan Kumar
Keywords: Eastern Himalayas;Gaultheria fragrantissima;Indian Wintergreen;Cultivation;Habitat;Wintergreen oil
Issue Date: Feb-2008
Publisher: CSIR
IPC Code: Int. cl.8—A61K 36/00, A61K 36/45, C11B 9/00
Abstract: Floristic diversity of eastern Himalayas is well known which harbours many medicinally important plants also. But, unsustainable use and over exploitation have threatened existence of such valuable plants. Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall. is one of such species which is least studied. The existing status, habitat and morphological variation of the plant was studied and analyzed in Darjeeling district of West Bengal, India. Phyto-sociological studies revealed that the species preformed best in specific habitats (i.e. in mixed forest of Eurya acuminata DC. -Viburnum erubescens Wall. with ground association of Poa annua Linn.). Several morphological and environmental features were identified which have bearing on aerial biomass, the economical parts of the plants. The present study thus identified the area, which may be utilized as basis for chemical screening and also to identify an elite line for commercial cultivation of this plant. The present study also showed that the seed retention percentage at higher altitude bears low value due to high wind velocity.
Page(s): 68-73
ISSN: 0975-1092 (Online); 0972-592X (Print)
Appears in Collections:NPR Vol.7(1) [January-February 2008]

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