Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/55656
Title: Expression analysis of maize genes during Bipolaris maydis infection and assessing their role in disease resistance and symptom development
Authors: Meshram, Shweta
Gogoi, Robin
Bashyal, Bishnu Maya
Kumar, Aundy
Mandal, Pranab Kumar
Hossain, Firoz
Keywords: Maize gene expression;Maydis leaf blight;Bipolaris maydis infection;Phenylalanine ammonia lyase;β-1, 3-glucanase;Pheophytinase
Issue Date: Apr-2020
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Bipolaris maydis causing maydis leaf blight (MLB) is an aggressive fungal pathogen of maize. The present study focused on the responses of certain defence genes in the resistant and susceptible maize inbred lines viz., SC-7 and CM 119, respectively, against MLB and symptom development in the host. Biochemical activity of the PR protein β-1, 3-glucanase and phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) assay, with total chlorophyll content was recorded for both the inbred lines before and after pathogen inoculation. Gene expression was studied by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) at different time intervals post inoculation. Differential expression pattern was observed even at the same time point in both the inbred lines. Enhanced expression of the pathogenesis related (PR) protein and phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) enzyme at different time points in resistant lines indicated their association with infection stages of B. maydis and response of the resistant line against disease establishment. Down regulated gene expression of pheophytinase suggests reduced enzyme activity linked with less chlorophyll degradation in the resistant line compared to the susceptible line. This fact directly correlates with symptom development of MLB disease. The present study thus revealed that the expression of defence related genes is aligned with developmental stages of the pathogen to restrict its growth and gene expression of constitutive genes also changes differentially during the disease development in resistant and susceptible lines.
Page(s): 82-93
URI: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/55656
ISSN: 0975-0967 (Online); 0972-5849 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBT Vol.19(2) [April 2020]

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