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IJEB Vol.45(12) [December 2007] >

Title: Reversible male sterility in transgenic tobacco carrying a dominant-negative mutated glutamine synthetase gene under the control of microspore-specific promoter
Authors: Mamun, A N K
Keywords: Glutamine synthetase
Microspore specific promoter
Reversible male sterility
Issue Date: Dec-2007
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Metabolic engineering was used to disrupt glutamine metabolism in microspores in order to block pollen development. We used a dominant-negative mutant (DNM) approach of cytosolic glutamine synthetase (GS1) gene under the microspore-specific promoter NTM19 to block glutamine synthesis in developing pollen grains. We observed partial male sterility in primary transgenic plants by using light microscopy, FDA, DAPI and in vitro pollen germination test. Microspores started to die in the early unicellular microspore stage, pollen viability in all primary transgenic lines ranged from 40-50%. All primary transgenics produced seeds like control plants, hence the inserted gene did not affect the sporophyte and was inherited through the female germline. We regenerated plants by in vitro microspore embryogenesis from 4 individual lines, pollen viability of progeny ranged from 12 to 20%, but some of them also showed 100% male sterility. After foliage spray with glutamine, 100% male-sterile plants were produced viable pollen and seed set was also observed. These results suggested that mutated GS1 activity on microspores had a significant effect on normal pollen development. Back-cross progenies (T2) of DH 100% male-sterile plants showed normal seed set like primary transgenics and control plants.
Page(s): 1022-1030
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Source:IJEB Vol.45(12) [December 2007]

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