Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/55190
Title: Preparation of a CeO2/γ-Al2O3 composite and its catalytic degradation performance
Authors: Li, Youfeng
Lin, Jingliang
Wang, Guangwei
Liu, Guoqing
Keywords: Composite catalyst;CeO2/γ-Al2O3;Methylene blue;Catalytic degradation;Wastewater treatment
Issue Date: May-2020
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: CeO2/γ-Al2O3 composite catalyst has been prepared using CeO2 as an active component and γ-Al2O3 as a support to remove dye from wastewater by catalytic degradation. The catalytic performance of the CeO2/γ-Al2O3 sample for the degradation of methylene blue is studied under visible light irradiation. The results show the presence of γ-Al2O3 and CeO2 with a cubic fluorite structure in the CeO2/γ-Al2O3 samples synthesized at 550°C. Small CeO2/γ-Al2O3 particle and a good dispersion of CeO2 are achieved with loading of CeO2. The loading of CeO2 on γ-Al2O3 also increases the total pore volume and pore diameter, which results in a high specific surface area of 132.03 m2/g, a total pore volume of 0.74 cm3/g, and a mean pore diameter of 22.54 nm. The photocatalytic degradation efficiency of methylene blue by the CeO2/γ-Al2O3 catalyst is higher than those of CeO2 and γ-Al2O3. Under the same conditions the CeO2/γ-Al2O3 catalyst achieves 98.36% degradation at 80 min, higher 5.0% and 11.9% degradation than CeO2 and γ-Al2O3, respectively. The high efficiency is attributed to promotion of the structural and textural performance of the CeO2/γ-Al2O3 catalyst by synergistic interaction between CeO2 and γ-Al2O3. These performances promote a larger surface area, higher content of acid sites, more •OH radicals and higher redox properties of the catalyst. The catalytic reaction kinetics could be fitted by the heterogeneous Langmuir-Hinshelwood model and the pseudo-first order rated constant for kapp is 17.5×10−2, which is 1.33 and 2.5 times as big as those of CeO2 and γ-Al2O3, respectively. CeO2/γ-Al2O3 catalyst suggests promising application for practical dye pollutant treatment.
Page(s): 235-242
URI: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/55190
ISSN: 0975-0991 (Online); 0971-457X (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJCT Vol.27(3) [May 2020]

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