Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/55181
Title: Quality control standardization of the rhizome of Curcuma yunnanensis: A comprehensive standardization process
Authors: Laloo, Damiki
Hemalatha, Siva
Prasad, Satyendra K
Keywords: Black turmeric;Curcuma yunnanensis;Curcumin;Fluorescence analysis;HPTLC;Standardization
Issue Date: Jun-2020
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. cl. (2015.01)- A61K 36/00, A61K 36/906
Abstract: Curcuma yunnanensis (CY) (Zingiberaceae) is a plant having a long flowering season (July-October). It is well morphologically characterized by its lance-shaped leaves having a purplish stripe running down the midrib and greenish coloured rhizome when cut transversely. Pharmacognostical standardization of the rhizome has been evaluated as per WHO guidelines. The dried rhizomes are golden-brown colour and vary in size (2 to 7 cm length and 1 to 2 cm diam.). The histological characteristic of the rhizome shows dissimilarity with other existing Curcuma species. Physico-chemical standards studied are foreign organic matter (0.16% w/w), loss on drying (9.80% w/w), total ash (7.66% w/w), acid insoluble ash (1.70% w/w), water-soluble ash (3.17% w/w), alcohol soluble extractive (8.77% w/w) and water-soluble extractive (7.70% w/w), foaming index (<100), swelling index (4.3) and volatile oil content (0.8%). Powdered characterization showed the presence of starch grains, unicellular covering trichomes and lignified xylem vessels. Phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, phenolics, tannins and steroidal components. Quantitative estimation of total tannins and phenolics was also determined in the ethanolic extract and was found to contain 21.375 and 22.5 mg/g GAE, respectively. The presence of demethoxycurcumin in the CY ethanolic extract was also documented for the first time using HPTLC by comparing with standard curcumin.
Page(s): 110-117
URI: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/55181
ISSN: 0976-0512 (Online); 0976-0504 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJNPR Vol.11(2) [June 2020]

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
IJNPR 11(2) 110-117.pdf366.84 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in NOPR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.