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IJEB Vol.45(09) [September 2007] >


Title: In vivo interactive effect of garlic oil and vitamin E against stavudine induced genotoxicity in Mus musculus
Authors: Kaur, Pushpindar
Singh, Rattan
Keywords: Stavudine
Garlic oil
Vitamin E
Genotoxicity
Comet assay
Issue Date: Sep-2007
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Stavudine (Zerit, d4T) is widely used as an anti HIV infection drug. It prevents HIV by altering the genetic material of healthy cells but causes mutations in mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. It also produces clastogenic effects in mice. In the present investigation, comet assay test was applied to evaluate the possible genomic damage caused by stavudine and also the ameliorating effects of garlic oil and vitamin E against its genotoxicity in different organs of mice. Two different doses of garlic oil (low and high dose) and vitamin E were administered to mice separately and in combination for six consecutive days followed by a dose of stavudine. The mice were sacrificed after 24, 48 and 72 h of stavudine administration. Both the antioxidants (vitamin E and garlic oil) separately and in combination reduced the genotoxicity of stavudine. The protective effects of high doses of garlic oil were more pronounced as compared to vitamin E administered group.
Page(s): 807-811
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Source:IJEB Vol.45(09) [September 2007]

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