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|Title:||Characterization of immobilized α-amylaseonfunctionalizedgraphene oxide surface|
|Keywords:||Amination;Carboxylation;Graphene oxide;Immobilized enzyme;α-amylase|
|Abstract:||Carboxyl-functionalized graphene oxide (GO-COOH) and amino-functionalized graphene oxide (GO-NH2) were prepared for use as carriers for α-amylase immobilization with 2-3% glutaraldehyde as a coupling agent. The α-amylase immobilized onto modified GO exhibited shifts in both working optimum pH and temperature with an increase from pH 6.0 to pH 7.0, and increased optimum temperature by 5-10℃ compared with the free enzyme. The loading capacity of the carriers is 786.8 mg/g (GO-COOH) and 437 mg/g (GO-NH2), respectively. The immobilized α-amylase exhibited a comparable stability activity in comparison with the free enzyme. The FT-IR spectra, UV-visible spectra as well as SEM analysis proved the presence of amine groups and carboxyl groups in the GO, and also covalent immobilization of α-amylase on the modified carrier. The constant values, the Km was 3.541 mg·mL-1, 4.072 mg·mL-1 and 8.004 mg·mL-1 for free enzymes, GO-COOH-E, and GO-NH2-E, respectively,and their Vmax were 7.341 mg·mL-1·min-1, 4.968 mg·mL-1·min-1 and 6.655 mg·mL-1·min-1, respectively. Furthermore, above 54% of the original activity of the immobilized enzyme was retained after7 reaction cycles,indicatingexcellent reusability.|
|ISSN:||0975-0959 (Online); 0301-1208 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJBB Vol.57(4) [August 2020]|
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